Olbia is a coastal town in the north-east of Sardinia. It is known for the medieval Basilica of San Simplicio and for the numerous cafés in the central squares such as Piazza Matteotti. In the area east of the long sea lined with palm trees, the Archaeological Museum of Oblia exhibits departments ranging from nuragic artefacts to Roman warships. The Nuraghe Riu Mulinu is an archaeological site in the hills overlooking the Gulf of Olbia.
Ferries connect Olbia with the Italian mainland, exactly with the ports of Genoa, Livorno, Piombino and Civitavecchia, near Rome.
Other ferry connections are available from Golfo Aranci, about 16 Km north of Olbia.
Livorno is an Italian town of 158 493 inhabitants, the capital of the homonymous province in Tuscany.
The third largest city in the region by population (after Florence and Prato) and fifth in Central Italy, it alone hosts almost half of the inhabitants of its province; with the neighboring towns of Pisa and Collesalvetti it is also a summit of the so-called "industrial triangle", whose total population amounts to over 260,000 inhabitants.
It is located along the coast of the Ligurian Sea and is one of the most important Italian ports, both as a commercial and tourist port, an industrial center of national importance, long in decline.
Of all the Tuscan cities it is usually considered the most modern, although in its territory there are several historical, artistic and architectural testimonies that survived the massive bombardments of the Second World War.
The city, greatly developed from the second half of the sixteenth century by the will of the Medici first and later Lorraine, was an important free port frequented by many foreign merchants, home to consulates and shipping companies. This contributed to affirm, since the end of the sixteenth century, the characteristics of multiethnic and multicultural city par excellence, of which important vestiges survive, such as churches and national cemeteries, palaces, villas and public utilities inextricably linked to the names of the important foreign communities that they frequented the free port until the second half of the nineteenth century. This international vocation led to the identification of the city as Leghorn in the United Kingdom and the United States of America, Livourne in France, Liorna in Spain, etc., similar to the most important state capitals of the time.
Between the nineteenth century and the early twentieth century, parallel to the start of the industrialization process, Livorno was also a tourist destination of international importance for the presence of renowned bathing and thermal establishments, which gave the city the name of Montecatini to the sea.
The city is famous for hosting the Sanctuary of Montenero, named after Our Lady of Grace, patron of Tuscany, as well as being the birthplace of prestigious personalities such as Amedeo Modigliani, Pietro Mascagni, Giovanni Fattori, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi and many others.
Livorno is home to the Naval Academy of the Navy, the command and two regiments of the "Folgore" paratroopers Brigade of the Italian Army, of the 1st "Tuscania" paratroopers Carabinieri Regiment, of the 9th Parachute Assault Regiment "Col Moschin" special forces of the Italian Army and of the Carabinieri special intervention group; moreover it is the headquarters of the Maritime Management of the Corps of the port authorities - Coast Guard.